The Dalits are a discriminated group under Nepal’s caste system, and are deprived of economic, political and social opportunities. As a consequence, the Dalits lack health, natural resources, food security and are also impacted by climate change.
UNDP’s flagship Human Development Report (2009) states that Dalits have a lower level of human development. In fact, “of all the caste and ethnic groups, Dalits have fared worst because they still hold the lowest position in the caste hierarchy. The belief that Dalits are “polluted” not only segregates them from members of other castes, but also prohibits them from touching non- Dalits and their possessions. Additionally, Dalits are denied entry into public places, such as temples and restaurants. A survey conducted in 2002 listed a total of 205 existing practices of caste-based discrimination.”
The target group are the Dalit people in Nepal. While discrimination against the Dalits has begun to decrease, the discriminatory practices still exist, especially in rural areas.
Policies have been put in place to address the concerns of women, Dalits and indigenous nationalities through ending discrimination based on class, caste, language and gender. However, there are improvements that can be implemented in order to strengthen the inclusion of these vulnerable groups. In particular, it would be important to improve access to employment and alternative livelihoods for the Dalits. In addition, there are community forest guidelines that require the full participation of women and Dalit, yet these policies need to be implemented.