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To address water scarcity, Jordan rehabilitated ancient water ponds for rain water harvesting. Properly restored, these sites can be used for water harvesting and can in turn improve community resilience to water scarcity and the consequences of climate change in Jordan.
Clean Water and Sanitation
Achieve access to safe, affordable drinking water
Support developing countries on water-related technologies
Strengthen community participation in water, sanitation
Implement integrated water resources management
Strengthen resilience, adaptive capacity to climate-related hazards
Jordan is among the poorest countries in the world on the basis of per capita water availability, with only 147 cubic meters per person per year in 2010. In fact, one of the most important effects of climate change in Jordan is shortage of water. If supply remains constant, per capita domestic consumption is projected to fall to 90 cubic meters per person/year by 2025, putting Jordan in the category of having an absolute water shortage that could constrain economic growth and potentially endanger public health. Water management systems that conserve water resources are in need, such as rainwater harvesting methods and schemes to reduce evaporation.
In order to resolve Jordan's water scarcity issue, a project was implemented to rehabilitate several traditional water ponds from ancient Roman and Byzantine times. The aim of the project is to improve community resilience to water scarcity and the consequences of climate change in Jordan. This solution is composed of two main elements. One is to rehabilitate ancient water ponds for rainwater harvesting. The rainwater collected can be used for irrigatingpublic gardens. The second component is to separate and treat the water used for ablution (grey water) and reuse for irrigation of mosque gardens.
The project was implemented by Land and Human to Advocate Progress (LHAP).In addition to implementing the project, LHAP also promoted communication between local communities, schools, mosques, historical sites and the different Ministries involved.
The projectcomprised of four phases. Phase 1focused on a mapping exercise aimed at exploring and engaging the local communities. In addition, traditional water collection ponds were identified and located on a map with their current status. The core group tested resonance for the rehabilitation works in local communities. During Phase 2, the project was formalized by signing a contract with aprivate firm and a memorandum of understanding with all stakeholders. DuringPhase 3, the rehabilitation work was successfully finalized. The last phase focuses onreplicating the project in othercommunities within Jordan.
Lastly, two ancient sites were rehabilitated and are currently being used by the local community. Three rainwater collection sites includea green space for the community, which is being used to raise awareness aroundwater scarcity issues and rainwater harvestingtechniques.