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UNDP together with governments of China, Ghana and Zambia, the private sector and research institutions from China conducted a triangular cooperation project aimed at electrification of rural communities through the creation of an enabling environment to scale-up renewable energy.
Affordable and Clean Energy
Partnerships for the Goals
In Ghana, the existing power plants are unable to attain full generation capacity as a result of limitations of fuel supply, limitation of water inflows into the hydroelectric power facilities and challenges with maintenance of generation facilities. In addition, 70 percent of the population in urban areas and 90 percent in rural areas depend on wood fuel for meeting their domestic energy requirements which has adverse impacts on health, particularly for women, children, and the environment.
While in Zambia’s electrification is mostly concentrated in its capital city of Lusaka and other large cities through Zambia Electricity Supply Corporation (ZESCO), its state owned Power Company. Lusaka, enjoys approximately 80 percent electrification, with other large cities having electrification rates of less than 50 percent. Most of rural Zambia, however, is not connected to the national grid and hence only 3 percent of the rural population has access to electricity.
The project "Electrification of Rural Communities in Ghana and Zambia" will support the access to electricity for rural communities in Ghana and Zambia through creating an enabling environment to scale-up renewable energy. This project includes removing market barriers for introduction of improved renewable energy technologies. The project also aims to strengthen South-South Cooperation among Ghana, Zambiaand China via setting policies regarding renewable energy technology transfer. At the same time, this project supports broader socio-economic and environmental objectives, most notably poverty reduction through employment generation as well as action on climate change mitigation. There is a strong focus on promoting the production of renewable energy in Ghana and Zambia in private sector development and inclusion.
Denmark has provided financial resources towards the project. In particular, Denmark is increasingly focused on South-South Cooperation, to enable better and more coherent cooperation between China and countries in Africa, in particular around the promotion of the UN’s Sustainable Energy for All initiative (SE4ALL).
Ministry of Science and Technology in the People’s Republic of China
Ministry of Mines, Energy and Water Development in the Republic of Zambia
Government of Zambia
Government of Ghana
Ghana Energy Commission