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The United Kingdom, China, Bangladesh and Nepal conducted a community-based experience sharing and learning via a South-South cooperation platform, specifically to strengthen regional cooperation and exchange on community-based disaster management among countries affected by disaster in Asia.
Partnerships for the Goals
Enhance cooperation on science, technology, innovation
Build capacity for climate change planning, management
Asia is the world’s most disaster-prone region, according to the United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Reduction. On average, disasters caused over 65,000 deaths in Asia and affected almost 220 million people each year between 2002 and 2011. Truly catastrophic events have become more common: the Indian Ocean tsunami in 2004 claimed 226,408 lives and in 2008, Cyclone Nargis killed 133,655 and 87,150 people died in China’s Wenchuan earthquake. In 2011, the Tohoku earthquake and tsunami in Japan caused 15,870 deaths and over $200 billion in damages. Although recent experience has prompted some improvement, regional coordination and cooperation in disaster management is still far from adequate.
In order to strengthen regional cooperation to build a stronger global network for disaster-prone countries in Asia, the United Kingdom, China, Bangladesh and Nepal established a partnership to implement a community-based disaster management (CBDM) platform. In particular, the CBDM platform serves to strengthen the global network for disaster-prone countries in Asia through cross-country transfer of good practices and knowledge. The main approach of this project is to facilitate exchanges at various levels, namely government, community and academia in partner countries.
During the project design phase, needs of each country and stakeholder were fully reflected through their active participation in the process. The project emphasized the need for collaborative activities, such as policy forums and experience sharing workshops with partners, specifically focusing on participation at community-level.
This project has brought together disaster management practitioners from the government, communities, academic institutions, i-NGOs/NGOs and private sectors to share best practices on community disaster risk reduction. The sharing and learning have fostered discussions on disaster management policies, practices to enhance community resilience, research results to be tested and applied, as well as disaster information platforms to equip the communities with necessary knowledge, skills and access to information.
International Center for Collaborative Research on Disaster Risk Reduction
The National Disaster Reduction Center of the Ministry of Civil Affairs in China
Ministry of Disaster Management and Relief in Bangladesh
Ministry of Home Affairs in Nepal