Socially Appropriated Technology Transfer from Chile to Uruguay and El Salvador

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The Socially Appropriated Technology (SATs) exchange focuses on the use of improved devices from Chile for increasing solar energy and reducing firewood consumption in Uruguay and El Salvador. This exchange has benefited poor families with limited access to firewood from saving energy expenditure, improving health conditions and promoting social cohesion.

Affordable and Clean Energy , Responsible Consumption and Production , Partnerships for the Goals , Affordable and Clean Energy , Enhance cooperation for clean energy research, technology , Sustainably manage, efficiently use natural resources , Facilitate sustainable, resilient infrastructure development , Enhance global sustainable development partnerships

Many communities in Uruguay and El Salvador have limited access to and inefficient use of firewood as fuel. This has caused poor families to be burdened with paying costly energy expenses. In addition, smoke inhaled when burning firewood during cooking can potentially cause respiratory diseases and eye infections. Replacing the use of traditional fuels with renewable energy, such as solar energy can significantly change the living conditions, specifically in regards to family saving and health improvements.

With the support of UNDP's Small Grant Programme, communities with problems accessing firewood in Uruguay and El Salvador were identified and invited to participate in the training on using socially appropriated technology. In particular, technical experts worked with local communities within Uruguay and El Salvador to redesign the energy device and adjust the materials of each device according to local communities need, cooking style and fueling methods, cooking ingredients. As a result, SATs saved cooking time and firewood and directly improved the quality of life in terms of saving energy expenditure, less smoke emission and less respiratory illness.

In El Salvador, the families that participated in the project reduced their expenses on fuel from 30 USD to 7 USD per month by using SATs including solar ovens, fireless cookers, fruit dryers and rocket stoves. In Uruguay, families that used the devices had an average decrease of expenses of 15 percent per month. The reduction of firewood usage was 70 percent, both in Uruguay and El Salvador.

El Salvador , Uruguay

UNDP/EU Desertification Programme , Chilean NGO ‘El Canelo de Nos’ , Chile Fund Against Hunger and and Poverty

UNDP , GEF-UNDP

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