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The Saemaul Undong (New Village Movement - SMU), is a classic example of community-driven development based on specific institutional principles and community participation developed during 1971-1979 in the Republic of Korea (RoK). The global programme - Saemaul Initiative towards Inclusive and Sustainable New Communities (ISNC) – was launched jointly by UNDP and the RoK in 2014, aiming at updating and scaling up SMU experiences.
The objective of the project is to facilitate "Vietnamization" of the SMU approaches and set up mechanisms for nationwide visionary leadership development. In brief, ISNC focuses on the development of effective tools and channels for social capital accumulation and leadership development based on SMU principles locally adapted to the Vietnamese context.
Sustainable Cities and Communities
Enhance capacity for participatory, sustainable human settlement
According to the World Bank, despite progress to address poverty, a significant share of the population is still vulnerable, living close to the poverty line (one third of the population—equivalent to about 30 million people—fall into the ‘poor’ or ‘near poor’ groups). In particular, Viet Nam's rural population is experiencing a high level of poverty due to lower income and poor livelihoods.
The project aims to develop a "Vietnamized" training curriculum and public communication programme with the goal to mobilize social capital and visionary leadership development with SMU principles of self-help, diligence and cooperation. In particular, a Training of Trainers (ToT) will be organized for provincial government leaders and leaders of mass organizations, such as the Farmer's Union, Youth Union and Women's Union, nationwide networks down to the village levels. As part of the project, effective tools and channels have been developed to strengthen leadership capacity at different levels, specifically for adaptation and scaling up of community mobilization principles. The tools and channels will also be used for nationally targeted programs focusing onsustainable poverty reduction and new rural development.
Thisproject has successfullydeveloped an enabling environment for formulating and strengthening institutional arrangements/legal framework, with support from policy makers from the government, the national assembly, and the party’s committees. In addition, ISNC wasintegrated into the National Targeted Programs (NTP)for 2011-2015andwas institutionalized in the NTP, specifically focusing on new rural developmentand sustainable poverty reduction for the period 2016-2020. The project alsoexperienced strong government and system-wide support, specificallyfor itspotential scalabilitybeyond the community level and rural areasto “encompass the entire spectrum” of the government’s local development policies and programmes.
Korea International Cooperation Agency
Ministry of Labor, War Invalids and Social Affair in Viet Nam